L'entrata del piccolo ma moderno museo
Bloccati in Rep. Ceca durante il lockdown, abbiamo colto l'occasione per visitare il museo Skoda nella sede storica di Mlada Boleslav. Piccolo ma curato, il museo raccoglie testimonianze della storia del conglomerato
industriale boemo, partendo dalle origini con
"Laurin & Klement" fino ad arrivere ai giorni nostri.
La nostra preferita? Senza dubbio la
Škoda Popular Sport MonteCarlo (type 909), che da sola varrebbe la visita al museo.
Škoda Popular Sport MonteCarlo (type 909) -
1935-1938. Named after one of the most famous car races, this car was created by replacing the popular Popular engine with one from the larger Rapid (901 ). This combination proved to be excellent after the famous race, so the carmaker started selling it with the Roadster, Roadster De Luxe and Coupé Sport bodywork. However, it was capable of a top speed of 110 km/h, consuming 10 liters of petrol per 100 km and had a differential. It was built in 72 copies.
Laurin & Klement - MOTORCYCLE SLAVIA TYPE CCD 1906
ŠKODA POPULAR 995 TYP 937 - 1939.
In 1931, the first Skoda Popular was introduced as a revolutionary light-weight and affordable concept: the dream of a people's car coming true. The last of the Popular modeis bore the name "Liduska" derived from the Czech Bandiera della Repubblica Ceca word for "folksy"
ŠKODA OCTAVIA COMBI TYP 993 C - 1964. The popular OCTAVIA model was introduced on the market as an estate COMBI in 1961 This multi-purpose combined the comfort: and spaciousness of a limousine with the practical advantages of an utility vehicle: the doors consisting of two parts, and a flat storage compartment. More than 54000 cars left the assembly line at the Kvasiny plant - with many being exported.
ŠKODA DYNAMIC, TYP 935 - 1935. Prototype with aerodynamic bodywark presented at motor show in 1935. Until 1939 driving tests were being conducted on the model before it was sold to private ownership. It was added the museum collection in 1968 and restored between 2013 and 2017
ŠKODA FAVORIT 136L / A TYP 781 - 1993.
In 1987 the Favorit ushered in the era of front-wheel drive vehicles by SKODA. It was soon launched on the race track. In 1994 the SKODA Motorsport team won the FIA World Cup in the F2 car category with this model.
ŠKODA FABIA S2000 - 2012. A great runaround: immediately after its market launch, it dominated the rallies and the IRC series - from the Azores to Cyprus. It continues the legendary success of the SKODA 130 RS and represents the best of contemporary Czech 🇨🇿 motor sport with drivers like Jan Kopecky
Laurin & Klement stationary engine (1913)
Laurin & Klement MOTOR TRICYCLE TYPE LW (1911)
L & K VOITURETTE TYP A - 1906. LAURIN & KLEMENT's first car immediately became a bestseller. The VOITURETTE was reliable and elegant, and cost significantly less than the expensive competition. The "little car" was soon celebrating sporting victories. Commercial versions of the car were later on offer.
Aircraft engine L&K - Lorraine-Dietrich 450, 12 W (3 lines of 4) 450 HP.
Long tradition of aviation in Mladá Boleslav has its origins dating back to the first decade of the 20th century. In those times a pioneering aviator Mr. Metoděj Vlach attempted to fly propelling his aircraft with a modified L&K car engine. Soon after L&K manufactured several units of a real aircraft engine designed by Mr. Otto Hieronimus. Continuing these early attempts in 1924 L&K acquired a license on Lorraine-Dietrich aircraft engines. The engines were manufactured in two versions- 8-cylinder 400 HP and 12-cylinder 450 HP - sold in Czechoslovakia or exported to Lithuania and Turkey.
The sleeve valve Knight Engine was a nice piece of engineering. The Reichenberg car works (Reichenberger Automobilfabrik, RAF) provided L&K with a license for prestigious "Knight" engines. These sleeve-valve power plants required absolute precision in manufacturing, which made them very expensive, but ran very smoothly. They were the epitome of automobile luxury at the time. Only a small number of companies worldwide were granted a production license for Knight engines.
THE NEW CENTRAL TUBE FRAME.
In 1933, Škoda launched the Popular and with it, new concept of chassis. The #Škoda420Popular features a central tube frame rather than a heavy, robust ladder frame. Thanks to this, the car is 25% lighter than its predecessor. At the same time, Škoda introduced the transaxle design: The gearbox was moved to the final drive on the rear axle, reducing the weight and distributing the load better.
L & K TYP SG (1913).
Simple, reliable and affordable was according to this formula that the Type S, in numerous versions, became the most circulated series model ever to be manufactured by LAURIN & KLEMENT, The name Landaulet refers to its body design, inspired by carriage building.
ŠKODA SUPERB 4000 TYP 919 (1940). Designed as a luxurious flagship of the model range with a V8 engine. Ten units were manufactured before the outbreak of WW II. The 6-cylinder ŠKODA SUPERB 3000 version, manufactured in large numbers, was also designed as a military vehicle.
ŠKODA 1000 MB TYPE 990 (1966) detta "mbčka". A rear engine from die-cast aluminum, frameless body and other innovations: The ŠKODA 1000 MB emerged in 1964 to be hailed by international media as one of the best and most modern cars of the 1-liter class. The car concept will last for decades.
ŠKODA OCTAVIA TYPE 985 (1960) detta "mbčka".
New suspension and a new name: The ŠKODA SPARTAK became the ŠKODA OCTAVIA. Thanks to its good handling even on bad roads, it became popular all around the world. The name still has a good reputation today - originally coming from eighth postwar model of the design range.
1929 Laurin & Klement / ŠKODA Type110
Soon after the L & K ŠKODA merger, the cars had two logos: "LAURIN & KLEMENT" and "ŠKODA". The L & K ŠKODA TYPE 110 was manufactured different body versions. Here is a "Faux Cabrio": it looks like a convertible with the soft-top roof closed but is, in fact, a sedan.
ŠKODA 1101/1102 "TUDOR" TYPE 938, 1948 YEARS OF PRODUCTION 1946-1952 4 CYLINDERS 1089 CCM 23,5 KW/ 32 CV MAX SPEED 100 KM/H.
As far the roadster is concerned, according to czech wikipedia: The first 14 serial roadsters were produced in Mladá Boleslav, then production was handed over to the Vrchlabí and Kvasiny branch plants. A total of 271 roadsters were produced in the Vrchlabí plant from August 1948 to 1950, all in the Škoda 1101 version. There were 574 pieces of the Škoda 1101 type and 1321 pieces of the Škoda 1102 type (manufactured since November 1949). A total of 2,184 roadster cars were created, of which the vast majority were exported
ŠKODA POPULAR 1100 OHV TYPE 927, 1939. YEARS OF PRODUCTION 1938-1946. 4 CYLINDERS 1089 CCM 30 KW and 100 KM/H speed.
SKODA422 (1930). Built between 1930-1932 produced 3435 four-stroke, four-cylinder 1195 cc Output 16,2 KW / 22 HP Gearbox 3 + R Max speed 75 km / h. The SKODA 422 was produced in various body versions: phaeton, sedan, tudor, coupe, convertible, roadster, taxi-landaulet
ŠKODA 1201 SANITNÍ VŮZ (AMBULANCE) 🚑 - 1957. YEAR OF PRODUCTION 1956-1961 4 CYLINDERS 1221 CCM 33/40 KW 4 speed gearbox.
ŠKODA RAPID II. CABRIO DE LUXE TYPE 914, 1937. YEARS OF PRODUCTION 1935-1938. 4 CYLINDERS 1386 CCM POWER 31 HP, MAX. SPEED 100 km/h
ŠKODA POPULAR TYPE 906 (1936). YEARS OF PRODUCTION 1934 - 1937. NUMBER OF CYLINDERS 4. SPEED 85 KM / H
1936 ŠKODA SAGITTA TYPE 911 (yes, indeed 😉) produced in 1936-1938, 2 CYLINDERS 845 CCM POWER 11/15 KW; gearbox 3 SPEED, 70 KM / H
ŠKODA 1201 TYPE 980 (1956) production years 1955 - 1961. 4 CYLINDERS 1221 CCM POWER 33.1 / 45 KW / HP MAX SPEED 105 KM / H
ŠKODA 1201 SW TYPE 980 (1956) YEARS OF PRODUCTION 1955-1961 4 CYLINDERS 1221 CCM POWER 33,1 / 45 KW / HP SPEED 90 KM / H
ŠKODA FUN TYPE 787 PROTOTYPE (1995), 4 CYLINDERS 1289 CCM 40 / 53.6 KW / HP, 150 km/h
ŠKODA 976 "KAROSA" (1956) 4 CYLINDERS 987,4 CCM, 26/35 KW / HP, 4 + R TRANNY, MAX SPEED 111 KM/H
Non mancano inoltre interessanti digressioni motociclistiche e soprattutto aeronautiche.
A tal proposito, vi consigliamo di combinare la visita con il museo aeronautico
Methodius Vlach ( Letecké Muzeum Metodeje Vlacha), che si trova poco distante e che raccoglie alcune chicche per gli appassionati di aviazione. Degna di nota e' la collezione di memorabilia dedicata a Otto Hieronimus, il leggendario corridore automobilistico Austro-Tedesco che lavoro' nel settore automobilistico con Laurin & Klement prima di dedicarsi alla progettazione dei motori aeronautici Hiero, salvo poi ritornare ad occuparsi di automobili quando
le condizioni punitive dei trattati di pace della Prima Guerra Mondiale gli impedirono di proseguire nella sua impresa.